Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 137 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁漱溟,1982,《中國文化要義》,台北:里仁書局。
  2. 盛治仁,2006,〈單一選區兩票制對未來臺灣政黨政治發展之可能影響探討〉,收於林文程主編,《憲政改革與國家發展:2005 年台灣憲改經驗》。臺北:臺灣民主基金會。
  3. 劉軍寧譯,Samuel P. Huntington著,1999,《第三波:二十世紀末的民主化浪潮(The Third Wave: Democratization in the Last Twentieth Century)》,台北:五南。
  4. 石振國、歐陽晟,1993,〈台灣地方派系的理論與對策〉,刊於《律師通訊》第170期。
  5. 王業立、蔡春木,〈從對立到共治:臺中縣地方派系之轉變〉,《政治科學論叢》,第21期,
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴冠丞(2011)。2010年台中市第一屆直轄市長選舉之研究—從派系視角分析之。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2011。1-132。
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