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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇 (2003)。照顧與控制之間-以「個案管理」在社工場域的論述實踐為例。台灣社會研究季刊,第51期:143-183。
  2. 石守正 (2010)。公部門社會工作員工作壓力、專業承諾與離職意願之研究-以臺北縣市政府社會局為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育與文化行政碩士學位在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 朱鎮明 (2000a)。新公共管理的政治哲學基礎研究。中國行政評論,9(3):53-72。
  4. 朱鎮明 (2000b)。衝突乎?融合乎?:從自由主義分析新公共行政的內涵。中國行政評論,9(4):133-154。
  5. 何振盛 (2005)。個人自由與國家自由-自由主義與民權主義之比較分析。復興崗學報,第85期:275-302。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周慧婷(2018)。社會行政人員對巨視社會工作專業之認同。暨南大學社會政策與社會工作學系學位論文。2018。1-142。
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