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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. (明)黃體仁,萬曆《四然齋藏》,收入《四庫全書存目叢書》集部,台南:莊嚴文化,1997。
  2. 11.李伯重,《江南的早期工業化1550-1850》,北京:社會科學文獻出版社,2000。
  3. 5.(日)濱島敦俊,〈江南三角洲的聚落和共同體—「村界」、「產權」問題商榷〉,《東吳歷史學報》2005:14,頁107-139,。
  4. 20.李國祁,〈由閩浙區域看清代解決人口壓力的重要方法—栽培經濟作物〉,《食貨月刊》1975:1,頁421-441。
  5. 24.范毅軍,〈明代中葉太湖以東地區的市鎮發展與地區開發〉,《中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊》第七十五本,2004,頁149-219。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李芳承(2013)。波浪通過矩形潛堤:堤寬對諧和波生成影響之實驗研究。臺灣大學工程科學及海洋工程學研究所學位論文。2013。1-108。 
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