Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李政賢(2009):馬來西亞《光華日報》的中國認識-在華僑與華人兩種身份之間。國立臺灣大學政治學系中國大陸暨兩岸關係教學語研究中心。
  2. 俞云平、楊晉濤(2006):馬來西亞華裔新生代的“祖籍記憶”初探。南洋問題研究Southeast Asian Affairs。
  3. 陳正絢(2008):女性自我認同與名牌意識之研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系碩士論文。
  4. 陳坤虎、雷庚玲及吳英璋(2005):不同階段青少年之自我認同內容及危機探索之發展差異。中華心理學刊。
  5. 莊迪拜(2011):互聯網驅動下的民主化與國家反撲:馬來西亞網絡媒體經驗。中華傳播學刊,第二十期。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 饒安莉(2014)。馬來西亞華裔留學生的「文化認同」對其在馬「涵化策略」和來台「再華化策略」之影響。暨南大學輔導與諮商研究所學位論文。2014。1-127。 
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