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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 167 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Huntington, Samuel. (1992) .The Third Wave: Democratization In the Late Twentieth Century(《第三波:20世紀末的民主化浪潮》,劉軍寧譯),台北:五南。
  2. 孫采薇(2013)「馬來西亞第十三屆國會大選評析:民聯選票中的族群因素」, 《戰略安全研析》, Vol.0, No.97, pp.52-59。
  3. 戴萬平、顧長永(2001)《經濟發展、民主化與族群政治:馬來西亞的個案》,問題與研究,第40卷第6期,頁69-84。
  4. 李金銓(2004),《超越西方霸權》,香港:牛津。
  5. 莊迪澎(2009)〈威權統治夾縫中的奇葩—馬來西亞獨立運動方興未艾〉。《新聞學研究》99:169-200。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳祈雯(2017)。暨大馬來西亞、印尼僑外生的自我認同形構與變遷。暨南大學東南亞研究所學位論文。2017。1-79。
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