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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖坤榮(2002)。建立政府災難管理職能:社會資本論分析。中國行政評論,12(1),1-36。
  2. 李銀滄(2007)。社區分裂卅融合─社會資本與社區發展觀點:南投縣草屯坪頂社區與竹山大安社區現象觀察。國立暨南國際大學公共行政與政策學系碩士學位論文,未出版,埔里。
  3. 林吉郎、曾槶源、楊賢惠(2005)。台灣社區產業發展中非營利組織角色之研究-以新故鄉文教基金會輔導桃米社區為例。競爭創新成長營造魅力南投學術研討會。
  4. 陳尉滿(2006)。一個績優社區的發展經驗:台北市東華社區發展協會的個案研究。國立政治大學社會學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  5. 黃源協(2007)。社區治理、社會排除與充權:台灣與英國社區政策之比較研究。國科會專題研究計畫成果(NSC95-2412-H-260-004)。
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