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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. 【中文部分】
  3. 王于綾(1997)。《購買服務契約對民間福利機構影響之探討--以台北市為例》。台北市:國立台灣大學社會學系研究所碩士論文。
  4. 王琇蘭(2007)。《地方政府老人居家服務方案委託政府採購評選過程之評估--多元競合模式的初步建構》。台中市:東海大學社會工作學系博士論文。
  5. 王順民等(1999)。《超越福利國家--社會福利的另類選擇》。台北:亞太。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱新然(2010)。不同座管高度之腳踏車運動對下肢肌群肌肉活化程度與運動學之影響。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-68。 
  2. 江立堯(Li-Yao Chiang);陳玉英(Yu-Ying Chen);徐孟達(Mong-Da Hsu)(2013)。不同曲柄對自由車短時間衝刺及運動經濟性之影響。靜宜體育。(7)。28-39。 
  3. 陳雅琪(2009)。不同俯臥弓身動作之肌電訊號分析。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-82。
  4. 黃傑(2013)。公路競速自行車身體幾何調適系統建置研究。朝陽科技大學工業設計系學位論文。2013。1-76。
  5. 陳郁樺(2014)。地方政府契約委外與信仰型非營利組織。中央大學法律與政府研究所學位論文。2014。1-199。
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