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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰(1999)。〈全球化、在地化與學習型區域:理論反省與重建〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,第34期,頁69-112。
  2. 吳宗昇(2011)。〈教會與社會:台灣儲互社的宗教、族群與貨幣網絡分析(1964-1997)〉,《輔仁社會研究》,第1期,頁73-104。
  3. 林信廷、莊俐昕、劉素珍、黃源協(2012)。〈社區社會資本與社區參與關聯性之研究〉,《臺灣社會福利學刊》,第10卷第2期,頁161-210。
  4. 涂可欣譯,Martin A. Nowak原著(2012)。〈助人為演化之本〉。《科學人雜誌》。
  5. 張維安、潘美玲(2003)。〈經濟行動與社會關係:社會自我保護機制的研究〉。《台灣社會學刊》,第30期,頁51-88。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李錦東(2008)。台中縣外埔鄉老農休閒偏好與阻礙。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-67。
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