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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江明修,1997,《公共行政:研究方法論》,台北:政大書城。
  2. 林益誠,2008,《資訊科技資源與廠商夥伴關係對供應鏈績效之研究》,國立中央大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 呂朝賢,2008〈社會企業與創業精神:意義與評論〉,《國立政治大學社會學報》,39,頁81-117。
  4. 李素素,2009,《台灣社會企業發展之政治經濟分析,1987-2008》,國力暨南國際大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士論文。
  5. 林家瑜,2009,《從Sally Helgesen 的「包容網」理論探究非營理組織女性領導人:菩提長青村村長個案分析》,國立暨南國際大學公共行政與政策學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張至宣(2014)。社會企業網路行銷策略研究:以冶綠生活服飾為例。淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-79。 
  2. 劉江坤(2015)。非營利組織事業化對志願工作者組織承諾影響之研究。暨南大學非營利組織經營管理碩士學位學程在職專班學位論文。2015。1-154。 
  3. 鄭仲君(2015)。非營利組織創新擴散之研究:菩提長青村案例分析。暨南大學公共行政與政策學系學位論文。2015。1-321。 
  4. 廖嘉展(2012)。揉轉效應:新故鄉文教基金會邁向社會企業的經驗研究。暨南大學公共行政與政策學系學位論文。2012。1-217。 
  5. 魏文達(2012)。從組織變遷途徑探討非營利組織之事業化—以新北市大安庇護農場為例。暨南大學公共行政與政策學系學位論文。2012。1-417。 
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