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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明政(2001)。文化福利權:台灣原住民族社會福利政策之研究。台北:雙葉。
  2. 李蔚貞(2008)。原住民與非原住民失能者長期照護服務使用情形之比較。台北:國立台灣大學。
  3. 吳淑瓊(2004)。從「建構長期照護體系先導計畫」之執行看我國社區式長期照護體系之建構。社區發展季刊,106:88-98。
  4. 吳淑瓊、王正、呂寶靜、莊坤洋、張媚、戴玉慈、曹愛蘭(2003) 。建構長期照護體系先導計畫第三年計畫。台北市:內政部。
  5. 吳淑瓊、莊坤洋、呂寶靜、王正、張媚、戴玉慈、曹愛蘭(2001)。建構長期照護體系先導計畫第一年計畫。內政部,2001。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳品慧(2017)。部落在地組織對原住民老人服務之觀點與策略。暨南大學社會政策與社會工作學系學位論文。2017。1-105。
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