Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周桂田,2001,〈科學風險:多元共識之風險建構〉,收於顧忠華編(2001)《第二現代 – 風險社會的出路?》台北:巨流。
  2. 莊道明,1997,《圖書館專業倫理》,台北:文華圖書。
  3. 吳立雅等,2005,〈流程再造於電子化政府之應用-以建構臺北市政府衛生局聯合稽查單管理系統為例〉《醫療資訊雜誌》14卷4期,桃園:台灣醫療資訊協會。
  4. 李仲彬,2006,〈電子化政府的公民使用行為:數位資訊能力與資訊素養之影響分析〉《資訊社會研究》11期,嘉義:南華大學資訊社會研究所。
  5. 李仲彬、陳敦源、蕭乃沂、黃東益,2006,〈電子化政府在公共行政研究的定位與價值:議題連結的初探性分析〉《東吳政治學報》22期,台北:東吳大學政治系。
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