Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.吳美連與林俊毅著,1997,「人力資源管理-理論與實務」,台北:智勝文化。
  2. 1.朱文儀、黃延聰,2002,「國際策略聯盟中廠商間知識移轉與廠商能力發展」,台灣管理學刊,第2卷,第1期105-124頁。
  3. 3.陳正南、李勝祥,1997,「聯盟夥伴認知與動機對績效與未來承諾之影響」,台大管理論叢,第8卷,第2期,125-164頁。
  4. 1.王派榮,2002,「豐田生產方式運作之研究-台灣國瑞汽車及其協力廠之成功案例」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 15.蔡志宏,2004,「台灣汽車產業之供應鏈整合探討-以中華汽車為例」,元智大學工業工程與管理學系碩士論文。
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