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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 297 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃彰健校勘,《明實錄》(台北:中央研究院歷史語言研究所,1966)。
  2. 黃彰健編,《明代律例彙編》(台北:中央研究院歷史語言研究所,1994)。
  3. 余英時,《中國近世宗教倫理與商人精神》(台北:聯經出版事業,2001)。
  4. 余英時,《朱熹的歷史世界:宋代士大夫政治文化的研究》(台北:允晨文化,2004)。
  5. 車錫倫,《信仰•教化•娛樂:中國寶卷研究及其他》(台北:台灣學生書局,2002)。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪莉娟(2014)。兒童及少年社會工作者的社會支持對工作適應影響之研究。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2014。1-252。
  2. 張春炎(2015)。重大自然災難新聞產製的社會文化分析:以八八風災電視新聞工作為例。臺灣大學生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所學位論文。2015。1-213。
  3. 王亭雁(2015)。明憲宗朝西廠之研究。中央大學歷史研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-103。
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