Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑俐(1997)。教師「口語表達能力」內容分析(三)-師生溝通技巧。師友月刊,364,29 - 33。
  2. 王哲偉、李秀珠(2012)。人際衝突脈絡下新聞記者的情緒管理與溝通策略。中華傳播學刊,31-79。
  3. 王妍婷(2012)。大學生校外實習學生期望、業界期望與師徒功能關係之研究─以國立臺北科技大學電資學院為例 (未出版碩士論文)。 國立臺北科技大學,台北。
  4. 王家鳳(2014)。高職餐飲建教合作廠商對外場實習學生專業能力之重要度績效分析研究(未出版碩士論文)。台南應用科技大學,台南。
  5. 李宗派(2009)。探討溝通概念與技巧「如何與老人和失智症患者保持和諧之關係」。臺灣老人保健學刊,5(1),1-16。
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