Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2.吳德準纂修《達縣州志》,臺北,臺灣學生書局,民國60年。
    2. 3.周克?纂修《廣安縣志》,臺北,臺灣學生書局,民國57年。
    3. 7.任德庚著《中國地理》,臺北,東大圖書股份有限公司,民國81年8月。
    4. 9.李昭賓著《清代中期川陝楚地區流動人口與川陝楚教亂(一七三六~一八二○)》,國立臺灣師範大學歷史研究所碩士論文,民國90年1月。
    5. 16.邱麗娟著《設教興財:清乾嘉道時期民間秘密宗教經費之研究》,國立臺灣師範大學歷史研究所博士論文,民國89年1月。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳若昕(2013)。走出「水滸氣」──《蕩寇志》敘事論衡。臺北大學中國語文學系學位論文。2013。1-190。
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