Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁仁傑(1988)。文化脈絡中的積功德行為:以台灣佛教慈濟功德會為例。兼論助
  2. 司徒達賢(1999)。非營利組織的經營管理。台北:天下遠見。
  3. 白文正(2005)。臺北市扶輪社員服務動機與服務學習滿意度之研究。國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
  4. 究。國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所博士。
  5. 翁秀琪(2000)。危機傳播:慈濟和人本是怎麼做的。新聞學研究,62,171-174。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊怡亭(2013)。從志願服務者到社會工作者- 助人工作本質的現象學研究。暨南大學社會政策與社會工作學系學位論文。2013。1-148。 
  2. 李月娟(2009)。北部某技術學院服務課程學生參與態度與滿意度研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-278。
  3. 陳巧蓁(2009)。大學校院學生之世界公民觀開展—兩個國際志工服務團隊之緬甸行。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2009。1-230。
  4. 鍾明宏(2010)。彩虹愛家生命教育志工服務現況之探究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2010。1-133。
  5. 邱鏛玉(2010)。一位飛行員從成長階段、空難救援談被助與助人歷程中的生命故事: 對災難救援的獻身與反思。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-158。
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