Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑤芬(2005)。國際觀光旅館餐飲部門高階主管人員職涯發展及其影響因素之研究。台灣師範大學教育人類發展與家庭學系未出版博士論文。
  2. 王舜儀、吳國銑(2006)。國小運動代表隊組訓影響因素之探討。大專體育,95,頁140-147。
  3. 李佑峰(2009)。從「看不見」到「看見」─教練實踐知識的圖像化。運動文化研究,11,頁35-63。
  4. 李明潔(2001)。體育實習教師對「有效體育教學」知識結構變化之研究。國立台灣師範大學體育研究所未出版碩士論文。
  5. 余憶鳳(2002)。網駐e世情—網路戀情發展歷程及其影響因素之理論建構。台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所未出版碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李玉虎(2013)。男子競技體操專任教練訓練行為之個案研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-130。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :