Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文伶、鄭友泰、楊萬教(2009):多元智能模式融入提早入學學生認知與情意輔導課程設計之研究。彰化師大教育學報,15,89-120。
  2. 任恩儀(2004):參與「學前資優幼兒多元智能與問題解決方案」幼兒語文特質之研究。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文。臺北市:未出版。
  3. 吳昆壽(1999):國民教育階段跳級及提早入學資優生學習與生活適應調查研究。國科會專題研究計畫成果報告(編號:NSC88-2614-H-
  4. 024-005),未出版。
  5. 吳靖儀(2008):桃園縣國小未足齡提早入學資賦優異兒童學校適應之研究。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系碩士論文。臺北市:未出版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許朱秀(2014)。國小資賦優異學生自我概念與社會能力之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-163。 
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