Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王聰輝(2006)。中小學校長對師資培育多元化成效之意見調查研究。未出版碩士論文。私立淡江大學,臺北市。
  2. 王瑞壎(2008)。人口結構變遷下我國師資培育現況之分析。臺東大學教育學報,19(2),143-182。
  3. 石弘毅(2000)。如何辦好教師甄試。師友,400,44-47。
  4. 江旺益(2004)。臺北縣市幼兒體育教師專業能力之研究。未出版碩士論文。私立輔仁大學,臺北縣。
  5. 江旺益、黃永寬(2004)。幼兒體育教師專業能力之探討。大專體育雙月刊,72,102-106。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴品如(2015)。臺北市公立幼兒園教保服務人員實施身體動作與健康領域課程專業能力之探究。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2015。1-129。 
  2. 李心馨(2014)。層級分析法應用在發展網球教練專業能力指標之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2014。1-153。
  3. 曾麗君(2017)。應用習慣領域與層級分析法建構「志願役士兵暨儲備士官」甄選指標。義守大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2017。1-87。
  4. 游國連(2017)。層級分析法應用在發展籃球教練專業能力指標之研究。宜蘭大學人文及管理學院高階經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-138。
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