Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 顧炎武,《天下郡國利病書》,台北︰臺灣商務,1966年。
    2. 周 密,《齊東野語》,台北:廣文,1969年。
    3. 臺灣銀行經濟研究室編,《泉州府志》,台北:臺灣銀行,民56年。
    4. 一. 史料
    5. ﹙一﹚ 史籍、政典
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林羿瑩(2015)。從〈清明上河圖〉看北宋社會生活─以交通、經濟、城市發展為例。淡江大學中國文學學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-128。 
    2. 吳雅婷(2007)。移動的風貌:宋代旅行活動的社會文化內涵。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2007。1-365。 
    3. 陳定揚(2010)。南宋的海權概念與實際。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2010。1-280。
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