Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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李順民 , Ph.D  Advisor:莊吉發  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 350 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 〔清〕計六奇,《明季南略》,收入《台灣文獻叢刊》第一四八種,台北,台灣銀行經濟研究室,民五二,初版。
  2. 〔清〕顧炎武,《聖安本紀》,收入《台灣文獻叢刊》第一八三種,台北,台灣銀行經濟研究室,民五三,初版。
  3. 台灣銀行經濟研究室編,《研堂見聞雜記》,收入《台灣文獻叢刊》第二五四種,台北,台灣銀行經濟研究室,民五七,初版。
  4. 白壽彝主編,《清史國際學術討論會論文集》,瀋陽,遼寧人民出版社,1990年,一版。
  5. 吳緝華,《明代海運及運河的研究》,台北,中研院史語所,民五O。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊博智(2011)。天庾重地-明清時期漕運制度下的通州。暨南大學歷史學系學位論文。2011。1-143。 
  2. 侯雅玲(2012)。戊戌風潮下的《格致新報》。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-164。
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