Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂執中、林懿貞(民90)。客戶關係管理之策略性應用。品質管理月刊,37
  2. (3),頁20-23。
  3. 林美玲(民89)。關係行銷在運動健身俱樂部的運用。大專體育,47,頁124-129。
  4. 析,頁57-71。台北:遠擎管理顧問股份有限公司。
  5. 姜慧嵐(民89)。台灣健康體適能俱樂部產業之研究。未出版之碩士論文,文化大學運動教練研究所,台北。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 湯庭卉(2006)。健康休閒俱樂部空間印象、服務品質與忠誠度關係之研究 —以亞爵運動溫泉會館為例—。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2006。1-131。 
  2. 李淑美(2006)。健身休閒俱樂部會員次文化族群消費決策之個案研究。亞洲大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-89。
  3. 王麒景(2007)。健康體適能俱樂部服務品質與購後行為之研究-以卡莎米亞健康世界為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2007。1-128。
  4. 林偉智(2010)。國立臺灣大學綜合體育館服務品質、顧客滿意度與再購意願之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-135。
  5. 胡淑華(2013)。臺北市大安運動中心運動課程服務品質、學員滿意度與忠誠度之研究。臺灣師範大學運動休閒與餐旅管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-142。
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