Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (2) 行政院農委會、中華水土保持學會,「賀伯颱風土砂災害及復健紀實」,(1998)
  2. (9) 馬國宸、許峪萇、張倉榮、譚義績、劉格非,「土石流潛勢溪流整合型調查與疏散治理規劃之研究--以新北DF049為例」,工程環境會刊,71-85頁,(2014)
  3. (11) 劉格非、黃名村,「土石流之現場數值模擬-應用於南投縣神木村」,水土保持學報,第33卷,第3期,第215-221頁,(2002)
  4. (12) 劉雅貞,「從災害識覺觀點看花蓮縣土石流保全住戶之疏散配合意願」,碩士論文,國立東華大學自然資源管理研究所,(2006)
  5. (14) 鄭瑞昌、江永哲,「土石流發生特性之初步研究」,中華水土保持學報,第17卷,第2期,第50-69頁,(1986)
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