Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (2) 李元和「台灣企業財務危機預警模型之實證研究」,華人經濟研究,第六卷第一期,24∼34頁,民國九十七年。
  2. (4) 余惠芳,「股權結構、股東權益與公司價值之實證研究」,全球管理與經濟,第五卷第一期,1∼21頁,民國九十八年。
  3. (5) 余惠芳,王永昌,「財務預警與公司治理─台灣傳統產業之實證研究」,應用經濟論叢,第九十卷,209∼241頁,民國一百年。
  4. (6) 余惠芳,張士軍,黃于軒,「企業財務資訊、代理問題與信用風險模型之實證研究」,華人經濟研究,第2期,1∼18頁,民國一百年。
  5. (8) 林郁翎,黃建華,「考慮公司治理之企業財務危機預警模型」,東吳經濟商學學報,第六十四期, 23∼56 頁,民國九十八年。
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