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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘昌泰,2010b,《公共管理》,臺北:智勝文化公司。
  2. 朱鎮明,2007,〈以平衡計分卡提升政府服務及競爭力〉,《研考雙月刊》,第31卷第4期:頁112-127。
  3. 吳安妮,2003,〈平衡計分卡在公務機關實施之探討〉,《研考雙月刊》,第27卷第5期:頁45-61。
  4. 李珊珊,2007,〈平衡計分卡發展關鍵績效指標之介紹〉,《國研科技》,第15期:頁58-61。
  5. 許秀影、張耀鴻、曾逸文,2010,〈社區教育學習體系計畫專案管理成熟度之研究〉,《電子商務學報》,第12卷第2期:頁317-332。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱瑞琪(2013)。臺北市公營住宅政策績效評估之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-202。
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