Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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  1. 5. 李孟訓、劉冠男、丁神梅、林俞君(2007)。我國生物科技產業關鍵成功因素之研究。東吳經濟商學學報,56:27-51。
  2. 6. 何謹余(2003)。坡地社區防災管理能力評估指標之研究。國立成功大學水利及海洋工程研究所碩士論文,台南市。
  3. 7. 汪漢英、黃文聰、黃開義、畢威寧(2007)。應用資料包絡分析法之大學學系績效評估實證研究。人文暨社會科學期刊,3(2):55-66。
  4. 8. 李旭哲(2005)。公共工程執行機關績效評估模式之建立。國立台北科技大學土木與防災研究所,台北市。
  5. 10. 林志娟(2006)。理想解類似度偏好順序評估方法及其應用。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告(編號:NSC94-2118-M-032-008)。台北市:行政院國家科學委員會。
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