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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【3】Leavy, B., “The concept of learning in the strategy field: Review andoutlook,” Management Learning, Vol.29,No.4, 1998,pp.447-466.
  2. 【4】Schepers, J., Schnell, R., and Vroom, P., “From ideas to usiness--how Siemens bridges the innovation gap,” Research Technology Management, Vol.42, No.3, Washington 1999, pp. 26-31.
  3. 【8】Damanpour, F., “Organizational Innovation: A Meta-Analysis of Effects of Determinants and Moderators,” Academy of Management Journal ,Vol.34, No.3, 1991,pp.555-590.
  4. 【11】Kelm, K. M., Narayanan, V. K, and Pinches, G.E., “Shareholder Value Creation During R&D Innovation and Commercialization Stages,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol.38, No.3, 1995, pp.770-786.
  5. 【12】Kochhar, R. and David, P., “Institutional Investors and Firm Innovation: A Test of Competing Hypotheses,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol.17, 1996, pp.73-84.
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾一哲(2012)。台灣水域運動政策發展之探究。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-93。 
  2. 蘇宗賢(2012)。從認真休閒理論探討休閒潛水者之經驗歷程—以墾丁海域為例。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-107。 
  3. 高德明(2015)。恆春(五里亭)機場再發展策略之規劃。樹德科技大學會展管理與貿易行銷碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-155。 
  4. 吳靜怡(2008)。墾丁南灣海域遊憩區海洋休閒運動參與者擁擠知覺與調適行為研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2008。1-100。 
  5. 周心安(2012)。金門縣國小六年級學生從事水域活動現況與水域安全認知之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-136。 
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