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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 行政院衛生署 (1999)。1993-1996國民營養健康狀況變遷調查結果。台北市:行政院衛生署。
  2. 3. 方進隆 (1995)。健康促進與疾病預防。八十三學年度體育教師體能教育研習會報告書,154-164頁。
  3. 6. 行政院衛生署國民健康局 (2002)。「國人肥胖定義及處理原則出爐」。台北市:行政院衛生署。
  4. 8. 李威傑 (2002)。肥胖症的外科治療,台灣醫學,6(1),64-69。
  5. 9. 李碧霞 (2001)。社區中年人運動階段、身體活動及其影響因素之研究。國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所博士論文,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李俐璇(2015)。FCB模型對衝動性消費之研究-以健康減重食品為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-132。 
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