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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 212 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰:〈台灣新政商關係的形成與政治轉型〉,《台灣的國家與社會》,徐正光、蕭新煌主編,(台北:東大圖書出版公司,1996)。
  2. 行政院勞委會職業訓練局:〈勞動統計年報-2012〉,網址:
  3. 李耀泰:〈新加坡勞、資、政三邊關係的檢視:一個歷史制度主義的觀點〉,《人文暨社會科學期刊》(台北),第4卷第2期(2008年),頁93-107。
  4. 邱駿彥:《外國人聘僱及管理法制研究計畫》,(台北:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局,2009)。
  5. 官有垣:〈非營利組織在台灣的發展:兼論政府對財團法人基金會的法令規範〉。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴怡安(2010)。日本對東亞技術移民之探討。淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-72。 
  2. 鄭國銘(2008)。日治時期臺灣社會體育組織及其運作的歷史考察。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2008。1-299。
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