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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11.李月琴 (2010),「以平衡計分卡為觀點建構公立幼兒園經營管理策略地圖」,清雲科技大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 13.李靆鎂(2012),「庇護工場評鑑指標之研究:策略地圖的觀點」,國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
  3. 22.姜守白(2012),「以平衡計分卡建構競爭優勢的策略地圖之研究-以台灣某一酒廠為例」,中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  4. 23.宣介慈(2002),「平衡計分卡應用於公部門訓練績效評估之研究-以我國警察機關為例」,國立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  5. 24.柯嵐祥 (2006),「結合策略地圖、平衡計分卡與限制理論進行流程改善 - 以某政府機關為例」,清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系碩士論文。
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