Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 305 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Catherine Ross Nickerson, "The Deftness of Her Sex" Innocence, Guilt, and Gender in the Trial of Lizzie Borden, in LETHAL IMAGINATION: VIOLENCE AND BRUTALITY IN AMERICAN HISTORY ( Michael A. Bellesiles ed.), NYU Press, 1999.
  2. Dafydd (2004). “Measurement of Party Position and Party Competition in Taiwan.” Issues & Studies, Vol. 40, No. 3/4, P.101-36
  3. Wendy Brown, American Nightmare: Neoliberalism, Neoconservatism, and De-Democratization, Political Theory, Vol. 34, No. 6 (Dec., 2006), P.690-714.
  4. 王奕婷,台灣民眾對於「民主」概念的認知與表述,國立台灣大學社會科學院政治學系碩士論文,2007年7月。
  5. 田國興,我國政風機構組織設計之研究──新制度主義之分析,國立成功大學政治經濟研究所碩士論文,2003年6月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林龍超(2017)。評估台灣廉政體系:基於社會菁英視角。臺灣大學公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-179。 
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :