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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余麗樺、郭乃文。盧—尼神經心理測驗組篩檢測驗在台灣地區適用性之探討。高雄醫學雜誌,14:779-90,1998。
  2. 林榮第,姚開屏,游芝亭等人。健康相關生活品質之效用測量方法信度與效度的評估:以血液透析之末期腎病患者為例。中華衛誌,16(5), 404-15,1997。
  3. 姚開屏,王榮德,林茂榮等人。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第一版)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組,1999。
  4. 姚開屏,王榮德,林茂榮等人。台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第一版)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組,2000。
  5. 范聖育、曹朝榮、柯慧貞。家庭功能與安寧療護主要照顧者生活品質的相關性探討。國立成功大學行為醫學研究所碩士論文,2002。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡淑梅(2009)。酒癮患者使用不同酒癮戒治資源後處遇流程之現況探討—以曾自願戒酒之酒癮患者為例。長榮大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2009。1-102。 
  2. 龔毅珊(2003)。單純酒癮、單純焦慮及酒癮合併焦慮患者在性格向度上的比較。成功大學行為醫學研究所學位論文。2003。1-100。
  3. 林姿吟(2005)。以成本效益分析酒癮之Naltrexone與心理治療結合:結束治療一年後追蹤。成功大學行為醫學研究所學位論文。2005。1-87。
  4. 林倩如(2006)。同儕吸毒、家庭功能對戒治所男性海洛因使用者毒品再用的影響。成功大學行為醫學研究所學位論文。2006。1-74。
  5. 賴力行(2008)。原住民酒癮相關因子之探討—以台灣中部某原住民部落為例。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-115。
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