Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6)洪海玲(2001),「以資料包絡分析法作製造業之營運效率分析」,國立成功大學工業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 17)陳政任(2001),「以資料包絡法探討台灣資訊電子業之核心能力與經營績效」,國立成功大學工業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 24)經濟部國際貿易局,http://www.trade.gov.tw/。
  4. 25)魏珩譯,班傑明˙格拉罕,史賓塞˙慕迪斯合著(1999),26)「投資報表」,金錢文化企業股份有限公司。
  5. 2)Afriat, S.N.(1972),“Efficiency Estimation of Production Function”, International Economic Review, 13: 568-598.
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳韻如(2015)。台灣地區光電產業上市公司經營績效之研究─ DEA模型之應用。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-286。 
  2. 吳名和(2012)。台糖量販之經營績效分析-資料包絡法應用。崑山科技大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-82。 
  3. 蘇進祿(2004)。以資料包絡分析法評估 鋼鐵產業經營績效之研究。成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2004。1-82。
  4. 唐如瑩(2005)。資料包絡分析法於服務業應用之研究—以航空業為例—。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2005。1-91。
  5. 鄭智中(2005)。供應鏈之供應商評選方法研究。成功大學工程管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2005。1-88。
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