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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀紅(1994)‧照顧者角色對婦女的衝擊:護理的涵義‧護理雜誌,41(3),18-23。
  2. 王玉女、徐亞瑛、姚開屏、吳淑瓊(1998)‧失能老人家庭尋找平衡點的照顧過程及相關因 素探討‧護理研究,6(6),489-499。
  3. 王叢桂(1999)‧性別角色信念、家庭承諾、工作承諾與工作價值之關係‧本土心理學研究,11,59-89。
  4. 李美枝、鍾秋玉(1996)‧性別與性別角色析論‧本土心理學研究,6,260-299。
  5. 邱啟潤、許淑敏、吳瓊滿(2002)‧主要照顧者負荷壓力與因應之國內研究文獻回顧‧醫護科技學刊4(4),273-290。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何偉聖(2014)。嚴重慢性精神障礙者其手足照顧經驗之探究。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-119。 
  2. 劉純如(2009)。特殊教育學校男性教師教學經驗之探究。臺北醫學大學醫學人文研究所學位論文。2009。1-220。 
  3. 張安瑜(2017)。失智照顧「男」不難?男性照顧者之照顧歷程與日照 服務使用經驗。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2017。1-178。 
  4. 劉安庭(2015)。兒少家庭照顧者成年轉銜過程的經驗。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2015。1-160。 
  5. 李莞葶(2006)。慢性精神病友努力重回就業軌道之經驗。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2006。1-179。
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