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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abraham, S., Llewellyn-Jones, D., & Perz, J. (1994). Changes in Australian women's perception of the menopause and menopausal symptoms before and after the climacteric. Maturitas, 20, 121-128.
  2. Adekunle, A.O., Fawole, A.O. & Okunlola, M.A. (2000). Perceptions and attitudes of Nigerian women about the menopause. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 20, 525-529.
  3. Amore, M., Di Donato, P., Papalini, A., Berti, A., Palareti, A., Ferrari, G., Chirico, C., & De Aloysio, D. (2004). Psychological status at the menopausal transition: an Italian epidemiological study. Maturitas, 48, 115-24.
  4. Andrews, F.M., & Withey, S.B. (1976). Social Indicators of Well-being: Americans’ Perceptions of Life Quality. New York: Plenum.
  5. Asplund, R., & Aberg, H. (1996). Nocturnal micturition, sleep and well-being in women of ages 40-64 years. Maturitas, 24, 73-81.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳偉華(2009)。臺北地區35歲以上高中職女性教師更年期症狀、態度、知識與生活品質之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-147。 
  2. 簡時福(2006)。更年期症候群對女性休閒活動參與影響之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2006。1-122。
  3. 施嘉美(2007)。負重運動與飲食行為對中年婦女骨骼健全之影響。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2007。1-148。
  4. 張若芳(2010)。更年期婦女荷爾蒙補充療法用藥型態與罹患乳癌及大腸直腸癌之相關研究。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-96。
  5. 王文君(2012)。台灣地區國中生健康促進生活型態與生活品質研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2012。1-122。
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