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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(2005)。民國94年老人狀況調查報告。台北: 內政部。
  2. 王鈺淵(2006)。老男性重鬱症與身體疾病之關係:某安養機構之調查。成功大學,台南。
  3. 杜明勳(1996)。南部某榮民安養之家住家榮民健康狀況調查。中華公共衛生雜誌,15,97-107。
  4. 呂靜(2000)。老人朋友網絡支持功能之初探。社會政策與社會工作學刊,4,44-69。
  5. 林佳靜(2007)。盡一份心力,提高生活品質。品質月刊,39-41。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗幸(2014)。高齡榮民生活照顧的未符合需求與健康相關生活品質之研究。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2014。1-93。 
  2. 郭家伶(2014)。社區老年人健康指標與生活品質關係研究。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2014。1-115。 
  3. 朱思盈(2011)。聽覺缺損對台灣老年男性榮家住民生活品質的影響。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2011。1-65。 
  4. 謝昌成(2010)。探討居家照護服務與個案照護結果之間的相關性。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2010。1-135。 
  5. 林青(2011)。從歷史制度論探討社會照顧機構之組織變遷。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2011。1-194。 
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