Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 林義屏、黃俊英、董玉娟(2004),市場導向、組織學習、組織創新與組織績效間關係之研究:以科學園區資訊電子產業為例,管理評論 第二十三卷 第一期。
  2. 18. 蔣景清(2002),組織氣候、組織承諾與組織公民行為關係之研究--以C工廠為例,國立中山大學人力資源研究所
  3. 1. Abernathy, W. J. and K. B. Clark (1985), Innovation: Mapping the Winds of Creative Destruction, Research Policy, 14(1), pp3-23.
  4. 4. Bass, B. M. (1985), Leadership and Performance beyond Expectations. New York: Free prees.
  5. 6. Bourgeois, L. J.(1980), Strategy and environment: A conceptual integration, Academy of Management Review, 5, pp.25-39.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝委儒(2014)。工會組織認同、領導風格與工會信任之研究-以中華郵政工會為例。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-82。 
  2. 胡直斌(2011)。主管領導風格對部屬工作士氣影響之研究-以金屬製品製造業為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2011。1-91。
  3. 賴秀琪(2011)。領導人更迭前後組織氣候與工作投入關係之研究。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2011。1-61。
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