Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 261 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計處(1997)。老人狀況調查報告。台北市:內政部。
  2. 內政部統計處(2000)。老人狀況調查報告。台北市:內政部。
  3. 內政部統計處(2005)。老人狀況調查報告。台北市:內政部。
  4. 內政部統計處(2006)。老人狀況調查報告。台北市:內政部。
  5. sn=2024&page=1
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江學明(2015)。適用於銀髮族之休閒參與資訊服務模式設計。中興大學資訊管理學系所學位論文。2015。1-68。 
  2. 陳映潔(2014)。中高齡者人格特質、孤寂感與休閒活動參與之關係研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2014。1-117。 
  3. 黃筱薇(2011)。台灣老人退休前後社會參與變化之性別差異。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2011。1-70。 
  4. 曹國璽(2011)。老人經濟壓力、社會支持及憂鬱傾向之相關研究。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系學位論文。2011。1-70。 
  5. 邱莉婷(2012)。高齡學習者面對問題因應方式、社會支持與主觀幸福感關係之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2012。1-228。
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