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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳明儒(2007).評估腎臟功能的方法.腎臟與透析,19(2),45-49。
  2. 李文欽、張舜智、黃忠餘(2006).慢性腎臟病防治的共識與準則.腎臟與透析,18(2),93-98。
  3. 林正常、王順正、吳忠芳(2005).日常生活身體活動的能量消耗研究.運動生理暨體能學報,2,55-66。
  4. 林佑真、溫啟邦、衛沛文(2007).台灣地區成年人之休閒運動行為與健康行為、健康狀況、健康相關生活品質之關係探討.臺灣公共衛生雜誌,26(3),218-228。
  5. 林雁秋、顏妙芬(2003).末期腎臟病患接受透析治療的調適過程.台灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,2(2),161-170。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 薛秀娟(2013)。多囊性卵巢症候群婦女生活型態及健康相關生活品質之相關性。成功大學護理學系學位論文。2013。1-103。 
  2. 陳麗雪(2016)。探討急診顧客滿意度變動趨勢及其影響因素。成功大學護理學系學位論文。2016。1-104。
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