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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王慧伶 (2008) ‧ 社區照顧關懷據點服務與老人生活品質之相關性研究-以高雄市為例 ‧未發表的碩士論文,南投:暨南國際大學.
  2. 李宗派(2004)‧老化理論與老人保健(二)‧身心障礙研究,2(2),77-94。
  3. 李宗派(2007)‧老化概念(Ⅱ)行為科學之老化理論與老化理論研究趨勢‧台灣老人保健學刊,3(2),25-61。
  4. 吳宜姍 (2006)‧「請讓我們更靠近」-老年男性配偶照顧者針對居家服務系統運用之主觀經驗 ‧未發表的碩士論文,台北:臺灣大學。
  5. 林富琴、邱啟潤 (2004) ‧接受居家服務老人生活品質及相關因素探討‧長期照護雜誌,8(1),56-78。
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