Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 王敬堯,從經濟上證據探討寡佔市場廠商之價格追隨行為,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文,78-89,(2006)。
  2. 24. 馬泰成,「一致性行為與市場競爭:中油與台塑公告調價資訊之經濟分析」,人文及社會科學集刊,第18 卷第4 期,546-555,(2006)。
  3. 25. 馬泰成,「事前公告調價資訊對市場競爭影響之實證分析」,國立高雄應用科技大學人文社會科學學報,第4 期,89-105,(2007)。
  4. 36. 陳建龍,公平交易委員會處分事業聯合行為案例之研究,淡江大學會計學系碩士論文(2007),33-53,。
  5. 41. 黃乙倫,浮動油價機制對台灣汽柴油市場之影響-系統動態方法之應用,國立成功大學資源工程研究所碩士論文,51-63,(2008)。
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