Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. David Osborne& Ted Gaebler 原著,劉毓玲譯:《新政府運動》(Reinventing government : how the entrepreneurial spirit is transforming the public sector)(臺北市:天下文化,初版,1993)。
  2. 7.李雅村:《新公共管理(NPM)的公共性價值批判-以新公共行政(NPA)觀點的省思》,國立政治大學公共行政研究所碩士論文,(2000年)。
  3. 15.呂育誠:〈地方治理意涵及制度建立策略之研究-兼論我國縣市推動地方治理的問題與前景〉,《公共行政學報》,第14期,(2005年3月)。
  4. 16.劉坤億:〈全球在地化:政府治理角色的轉變〉,《研考雙月刊》,31卷第5期,(2007年10月)。
  5. 17.邱憶惠:〈個案研究:質化取向〉,《國立高雄師範大學教育系教育研究》(高雄),第7期,(1999年6月)。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 傅淑宜(2015)。客家社區培力與環境教育推動之研究 -以龍潭三和社區為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-159。
  2. 賴乃慈(2017)。區層級社區營造操作模式之探討─以臺南市中西區公所、仁德區公所、安平區公所、南區區公所為例。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2017。1-129。
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