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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組:台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第一修訂版),台北,台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組,2001。
  2. 杜家興(2003)。精緻性複誦技巧訓練對慢性精神分裂症住院病人之語文工作記憶的效果。中原大學碩士論文。
  3. 吳玉欣、余麗樺、陳靖、郭乃文(2009)。日常執行功能行為量表之發展與其因素結構及信效度研究。臨床心理學刊,4(2),86-94。
  4. 林冠含、胡佩怡、郭乃文、廖士程(2011)。勞工職業傷害三個月發生創傷後壓力症候群之初步研究。勞工安全衛生研究季刊,19(3),480-501。
  5. 姚開屏(2002)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質滿意度問卷之發展與應用。台灣醫學會,6(3) ,193-200。
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