Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Donatella della Porta, Mario Dianel,苗延威:《社會運動概論》(Social Movement: An Introduction),(臺北:巨流,初版,2002年9月)。
  2. 丁仁方:〈公民社會與民主政治的相互建構─日本與台灣近年組織性公民社會發展之比較〉,《台灣民主季刊》,4卷2期(2007年6月),頁1-31。
  3. 石忠山:〈當代韓國政黨政治的發展與挑戰〉,瞭解當代韓國民主政治,國立臺灣師範大學綜合大樓國際會議廳,2010年9月17日。
  4. 何明修:〈公民社會的限制─台灣環境政治中的結社藝術〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,4卷2期(2007年6月),頁33-65。
  5. 何明修:〈自主與依賴:比較反核四運動與反美濃水庫運動中的政治交換模式〉,《台灣社會學刊》,第30期(2003年6月),頁1-49。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馮祺雯(2015)。論兩岸公民社會之發展-從公民意識、公共領域、社會資本觀點。成功大學(不用)政治經濟研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-174。 
  2. 楊文全(2011)。開放城市:開放原始碼年代的創新城市-孕育Linux-Based EeePC的台北。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2011。1-181。 
  3. 薛莘儒(2013)。臺北市公有住宅政策之政治經濟分析,1945-2012。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-140。
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