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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部 (2008)。國民生活狀況調查摘要分析。
  2. 王榮德 (2010)。流行病學方法論。台北。健康文化事業股份有限公司出版。
  3. 姚開屏 (2002)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用。台灣醫學,6,193-200。
  4. 王拔群,洪朝明,陳雅惠(2007)。混合性聽力障礙病人生活品質調查。輔仁醫學期刊,5,27-34。
  5. 范江萬 (2007)。榮家老榮民生活品質的影響因素:憂鬱症狀、生理狀態、身體活動與社會支持的角色。私立慈濟大學。花蓮。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱捷(2013)。中樞聽覺障礙與阿茲海默症:從耳道到大腦皮質。成功大學老年學研究所學位論文。2013。1-70。 
  2. 李建賢(2017)。數位式助聽器使用與中老年聽覺損傷族群之生活品質關係探討。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-67。 
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