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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] 王奕涵(2014)。跨領域人才心路歷程與企業組織文化互動之敘說探究。國立虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所碩士論文,雲林縣。
  2. [6] 吳佳玲(2009)。咖啡連鎖店消費者知覺之消費體驗研究。台南科技大學通識教育學刊,(8),237-256。
  3. [8] 李志仁、宋同正、蔡登傳(2012)。服務場域與品質知覺之關聯性:以主題餐廳為例。設計學報,17(4),1-20。
  4. [9] 李思玉(2012)。原住民餐廳消費者體驗價值, 滿意度與忠誠度相關之研究,國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  5. [10] 利尚仁(2011)。理解創業者的意義編造歷程:敘說探究法,創業管理研究,6(4),61-82。
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