Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 〔3〕高嘉汝,2011,“運用互動式電子白板融入教學來探討國小教師創新接受度、科技接受度與使用滿意度之相關研究-以雲林縣為例”,國立虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 〔7〕Taylor, R., & Patterson, L.,2000, ” Using information to promote critical thinking. ”Teacher Librarian, 28(2), 9-15.
  3. 〔9〕Rice, M., & Wilson, E. ,1999,”How technology aids constructivism in the social studies classroom. ”The Social Studies, 90(1), 28-33.
  4. 〔28〕呂聰賢,2002,”九年一貫課程運用網路資源融入教學課程設計之研究-以國小四年級社會科教學為例”,元智大學資訊傳播研究所碩士論文(未出版),桃園縣。
  5. 〔34〕張淑雯,2007,”上課了,一起看電影-談電影融入生命教育課程”,教師之友,48(4),81-88。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李美瑩(2017)。多元輔助教學對提升土石流防災教育學習成效之研究。中興大學水土保持學系所學位論文。2017。1-94。
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