Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仕圖(2007). 社區型非營利組織資源動員與整合: 以社區發展協會為例.臺灣社會福利學刊,5(2), 103-137。
  2. 行政院(2011)。推動農村再生手冊。行政院農業委員會水土保持局,發行人:黃明耀。
  3. 行政院農委會水土保持局。農村再生培根計劃。2015年5月20日,取自:http://empower.swcb.gov.tw/tidbit_001.aspx?TIDBIT=63f69dbf-781c-404e-8a6b-a12afba0443e。
  4. 吳明儒、林欣蓓 (2011). 社區結盟, 社區培力與社區行動之個案研究: 以台南市北區社區旗艦計畫團隊為例.台灣社區工作與社區研究學刊,1(1), 45-89。
  5. 高得芳(2014)。雲林縣社區組織能力與社區發展關係之研究。國立虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系,碩士論文。
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