Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 386 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王克武、賴姍姍(2002)。大專院校撞球課程之教學初探。大專體育,58(8),
  2. 王秀銀(1994)。銘傳管理學院運動員與非運動員人格特質之研究,銘傳學
  3. 江慧娟(2008)。2008年奧運中華女子壘球運動員訓練歷程之研究。未出版
  4. 巫惠貞、巫有鎰(2001)。國小教師社會網絡、工作特性與工作滿意關聯性之
  5. 吳文祁(2009)。臺灣撞球運動發展:問題與解決方案。未出版碩士論文,
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇育瑤(2013)。父親教練栽培兒子選手之訓練歷程研究-以柯志明與柯秉逸父子為例。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  2. 姚志憲(2013)。運動選手到教練的生涯轉換:臺灣首位美國職業撞球參賽選手。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-140。 
  3. 張華恩(2015)。奧運羽球選手心理堅韌性以及其重要他人社會支持與內心灰暗面之質性研究。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-186。
  4. 呂明哲(2015)。優秀桌球運動員責任感與利社會行為之培育模式。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-221。
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