Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 153 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施正鋒編,人類安全(台北:財團法人國家展望文教基金會、台灣心會,2004年)。
  2. Doyle、白璐、王榮德、陳保中,「父母親社經狀態與低出生體重嬰兒、早產兒、及生長遲緩嬰兒之相關性探討」,中華公共衛生雜誌,第18期第2卷,頁105-115。
  3. 于有慧,「後冷戰時代中共新安全的實踐與挑戰」,中國大陸研究,第44卷第2期(2001年2月),頁57-76。
  4. 王任賢,「新興傳染病」,中南盟臨床專刊,第3卷第2期(2010年),頁1-4。
  5. 王崑義,「全球化、人類安全與後SARS 時代:兩岸非傳統安全的新議題」,遠景基金會季刊,第5卷第2期(2004年4月),頁153-196。
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